Hyper Text Markup Language

What is HTML?

HTML stands for Hyper Text Programming Language which was created by Berners-Lee. HTML first standard specification was published in 1995. It is one of the globally accepted programming languages for the development of interactive websites and webpages. Nowadays, HTML is used with other languages like Javascript, CSS which gives more look and feel to a website by providing different font color, font size, and alignment to the whole content.HTML is a markup language so it uses simple tags to markup and format the content. These tags are enclosed in angular brackets like tag informs the browser that a HTML document has been started similarly tells the end of HTML document. All the things or code written inside these two tags are represented sent to the browser. The browsers then display the content wrapped inside the body tag.​HTML defines the format of how the web elements should be displayed. ​To see your content you need to save your file with. html or.htm extension and then simply run it by choosing the option to open with any browser.​ HTML is one of the best option to develop the webpage or website for the small or growing business that does not want to invest more in purchasing software or its license and does not require any advanced programming for their websites.

Benefits Of HTML

  • HTML is very easy to learn and understand. For the one who is learning web development, HTML is the first and foremost language that the person will go through. It has simple tags and there is no hectic of case sensitivity in HTML. It simply has some tags that serve a specific purpose and that’s it. One can easily understand other’s code and can make changes in it if required as there is not a lot more to understand in it. Moreover, it does not throw any error or create any problem like other programming languages if the developer forgets to close the tags or make some mistakes in code.
  • One of the biggest advantages of HTML is that it is free of cost and there is no need to purchase specific software. One should not have to deal with different plugins required to work on any software as HTML does not require any plugins. So it is very cost effective as per business perspective as there is no cost of purchasing the license if the whole website is developed in HTML language.
  • Almost all the browsers around the globe are supported by HTML. So there is no need to worry about the website written in HTML for the browser support as the website would easily show up in all the browsers if the program keeps in mind to optimize the website for the different browsers. HTML provides an easy way to optimize the website in HTML according to browsers to the web developers.
  • HTML is one of the most friendly search engines in comparison to all the programming languages available in the market (Search Engine friendly means delivering users quality websites with relevant information when searched for a particular one). It is quite easier to create SEO compliant websites using HTML than other programming languages. HTML websites are easier to read and accessed by web crawlers and hence reduces parsing time and the page load time of the website hence improving its performance.
  • HTML is very easy to edit as there is no need to have a special interface or platform to edit it. It is written in simple Notepad and hence can be simply edited in any text editor like Notepad, Notepad++, etc.
  • For the programmer to be either frontend or backend developer, one must have knowledge of HTML as it is the basic language and all the other languages integrate with it while coding like JavaScript, JSP, Php, etc. Similarly, XML syntax is just like HTML and XML which is used widely these days for data storage. If one has good knowledge of HTML, it is easy working with XML too for him.