What is Static Web Design?
A static website contains Web pages with fixed content. Each page is coded in HTML and displays the same information to every visitor. Static sites are the most basic type of website and are the easiest to create. Unlike dynamic websites, they do not require any Web programming or database design. A static site can be built by simply creating a few HTML pages and publishing them to a Web server.
Benefits Of Static Web Designing
- Faster speed - Since you are just hosting and serving static files, when a user visits your page, all the web server has to do is return a file. No server-side code is executed. With dynamic websites there is extra processing time required to deliver HTML pages. Caching can be applied to alleviate this issue on a dynamic website but it increases complexity.
- More secure - Since there is no back-end server-side processing, there is less surface area for attacks and there is no database available to be compromised.
- Lower costs - No database means fewer moving parts and less maintenance. Static websites can be hosted relatively cheap.
- Easier to scale - Host your website on a Cloud provider with auto scaling and you are good to go. Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN) to geographically cache your static files and the calls to your web server will be drastically reduced. Although similar techniques can be applied with dynamic websites, it will be more complex as database scaling might be required!
- Backups/Full editorial history - Indirectly when using version control such as GIT, you get full control to see who changed which content and when.