What is C language?
C is an imperative (procedural) systems implementation language. It was designed to be compiled using a relatively straightforward compiler, to provide low-level access to memory, to provide language constructs that map efficiently to machine instructions, and to require minimal run-time support.
Many of the ideas of structure of C language were taken from BCPL and B. Ritchie has given an excellent exposition of the problems experienced during development of C in his lecture entitled "The Development of the C Language".
Although C was designed for implementing system software, it is also widely used for developing portable application software.
Benefits Of C Language
As a middle level language, C combines the features of both high level and low level languages. It can be used for low-level programming, such as scripting for drivers and kernels and it also supports functions of high level programming languages, such as scripting for software applications etc.
- C is a structured programming language which allows a complex program to be broken into simpler programs called functions. It also allows free movement of data across these functions.
- C language is case-sensitive.
- C is highly portable and is used for scripting system applications which form a major part of Windows, UNIX and Linux operating system.
- C is a general purpose programming language and can efficiently work on enterprise applications, games, graphics, and applications requiring calculations.
C language has a rich library which provides a number of built-in functions. It also offers dynamic memory allocation.